Fraud – including scams, online theft, insurance cheats and tax fraud – costs the UK £30bn a year, according to an official estimate.
The National Fraud Authority (NFA) has calculated the figure for the first time and said it equated to £621 per adult in the UK. Some 58% of fraud was in the public sector, at a cost of £17bn, it added.
It said the losses were paid for through taxes and rising prices of products and services. The highest sector was losses from tax fraud – estimated at £15.2bn – although this was only 3% of tax liabilities, the NFA said.
According to the NFA, which is part of the UK Attorney General’s Office, some 31% of losses came in the private sector, with the financial services sector suffering the biggest hit.
It lost an estimated £3.8bn, including £1bn in mortgage fraud. This has prompted the City watchdog, the Financial Services Authority, to take a tougher stance against the crime, with a number of brokers having been fined and banned from the industry.
Another £2bn was lost to insurance fraud, and the remainder came from fraudsters targeting online banking, cheques, and plastic cards.
The consumer goods industry lost an estimated £1.3bn a year. Manufacturing suffered losses of £1bn a year, and technology, media and telecommunications lost £948m.
Consumers have also been tricked out of an estimated £3.5bn a year in share, lottery and loan scams. Some 12% of all fraud was suffered by individual consumers.
“Although the figure appears on the face of it far greater than the previous estimate, we know this is because we have included many additional figures that other studies have not,” said NFA chief executive Bernard Herdan.
“With this vital information we can develop clearer priorities to prevent, detect and deter fraudsters. We will use the data to help identify those areas of fraud that cause the most harm to the UK economy”.
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